The Under 2 MOU

The Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on Subnational Global Climate Leadership

This agreement identifies action being taken by jurisdictions around the world and promotes ambitious action on climate change.

A total of 136 jurisdictions representing 32 countries and six continents have signed or endorsed the Under 2 MOU. Together, they form the Under 2 Coalition and represent more than 832 million people and $22 trillion in GDP, equivalent to a third of the global economy.

Each signatory commits to limit emissions to below 80 to 95 percent below 1990 levels, or below two metric tons per capita, by 2050 – the level of emission reduction believed necessary to limit global warming to less than 2 degrees Celcius by the end of this century.  The Under 2 MOU will not introduce new legal constraints on participating jurisdictions, but will demonstrate clear and lasting commitment to reduce emissions in the decades to come.

Click to view the full text of the MOU.

English / Español / Deutsch / Français / 中国 / Português / Italiano / Bahasa Indonesian / 日本