Compact of States and Regions


Compact of States and Regions


The Compact of States and Regions is an initiative that provides a transparent, global picture of efforts to tackle climate change from state and regional governments. It is designed to catalyze climate change mitigation through inventory development, target setting and strategy development. It enables Under2 signatories to achieve their commitment to assess their emissions accurately and track progress against their targets.

Less than two years after its launch, the Compact of States and Regions, an initiative driven by The Climate Group and CDP, has become the global go-to platform for states, provinces and regions to measure and manage their greenhouse gas emissions – already collecting climate data from 62 governments representing 17% of the global economy.

The first edition of the Compact of States and Regions Disclosure Report was applauded by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and released at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris in December 2015. The second edition of the report analyzed how leading states, provinces, and regions are responding to the Paris Agreement and was released in December 2016.

Ban Ki-Moon

Image: United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon being presented with an advance copy of the Compact of States and Regions Disclosure Report by Premier Jay Weatherill of South Australia, at COP21 in Paris.

In the coming years, the annual disclosure report will continue to showcase the level of ambition of states and regions globally, while at the same time taking stock of progress on mitigation.

The Compact commitments are also included in the Non-state Actor Zone for Climate Action (NAZCA) platform, the online tool developed by the United Nations with the governments of France and Peru for COP21. Through NAZCA, businesses, cities, regions and investors have already showcased over 10,000 climate initiatives.

How does the Compact of States and Regions work with the Under2 MOU?

By signing the Under2 MOU, members commit to start working towards consistent monitoring, reporting and verifying of their greenhouse gas emissions. The Compact enables signatories to do so on a global platform that is dedicated to state and regional governments.

The Compact showcases individual and cumulated greenhouse gas reduction targets made by sub-national governments around the world. Each year, an assessment of progress toward those commitments takes place through the disclosure of greenhouse gas inventory data. All data is collected and analysed in partnership with the CDP. All data is collected and analyzed in partnership with the CDP. The Compact’s partners believe all state and regional governments – considering their different capabilities and circumstances – should measure greenhouse gas emissions and set ambitious reduction goals, because these are the pillars of a robust climate strategy.

Forward-thinking governments recognize that measurement, management and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and climate change data is of growing importance. This is because measurement and reporting helps governments to better understand the risks and opportunities of climate change and increase the impact of climate actions, both within and beyond state borders. For more information about the Compact of States and Regions, please visit The Climate Group.

Helpful Links

To find out more about the Compact of States and Regions and how to join, please click this link.


The 2016 edition of the Compact of States and Regions Disclosure Report is available here.


The 2015 edition of the Compact of States and Regions Disclosure Report is available here.